Archives For intelligent design

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If you’re a creationist, you presuppose the veracity of the bible.

If you’re a naturalist, you presuppose the nonexistence of the supernatural.

What happens when you set aside presuppositions and merely look at the evidence? When it comes to the topic of the universes’s origin, a number of models have been proposed. For simplicity’s sake, they have historically fallen in two camps. Up until the middle of the twentieth century, most of humanity had assumed that the universe has always existed. It had no beginning, and quite possibly will have no end. For most in the science community, that view crumbled quickly as evidence for the Big Bang mounted. Continue Reading…

In condensed form, the Teleological Argument for God states that since the universe and all that is in it show teleological (from the Greek telos, or end) design – order, consistency, and unity – there must be a designer.

Though Anaxagoras, Socrates, and Philo all discussed this argument, Plato was the first to cite design in nature as a proof of theexistence of God.[1]   Aristotle referenced motion and contingency to bolster the teleological argument, thus using the cosmological and ontological to support the teleological.   Aquinas’s Fifth Way argues that even things lacking knowledge are moving toward an end result; as they are lacking knowledge, they must be directed toward this end much like an arrow is directed by an archer.

William Paley, archdeacon of Carlisle, used the analogy of a watch and a watchmaker to show the correlation between an intricately designed object and the necessity of an intelligence to bring about that design. He argued that human artifacts are products of intelligence; the universe resembles human artifacts; therefore, the universe is a product of intelligent design.  Since the universe is huge compared to human artifacts, the designer must be far more intelligent and powerful than we are.”[2]

F.R. Tennant later offered six signs of design: the intelligibility of the world; the adaptation of life; the conduciveness of the inorganic world to the emergence and maintenance of life; the aesthetic value of nature; the moral life of people; and the progressiveness of evolution.[3]

Scientists such as Isaac Newton spoke of the impressive stability of the universe to demonstrate that the universe as a whole also shows intelligent design[4].  This argument states that the world is a unified system of adaptations, and we can only give an intelligible explanation of this by believing the world was created by an intelligent being with a plan. Continue Reading…

Arguments for the existence of God have taken many forms over the centuries.  At stake are the answers to the ultimate questions of life: Who are we? Why are we here?  Where are we going? And why does it matter anyway?  With those questions in mind, I will take the  next several posts to overview some of the key traditional arguments for the existence of God.

THE COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT

  The Argument from Contingency provides the basis for all cosmological arguments. Formally stated, the argument states that things exist; it is possible for those things to not exist; whatever does not necessarily exist has been caused to exist; there cannot be an infinite regress of causes; therefore, there must be an uncaused cause.[5] One can posit steady-state theory, alternative universes, or an infinite regress of causes as alternatives, but ultimately one comes back to the contingency of all that can be observed in a closed universe.

The Cosmological Argument itself seeks to address the originating cause and the conserving cause of the universe.  It can be traced back to Plato, who argued that the existence of motion implies a self-originated motion. Aristotle also believed there was an Unmoved Mover who set the matter in motion.  This is the horizontal, or kalamargument, since it discusses the beginning of the universe rather than the nature of its existence.  Continue Reading…

God of Beauty

Anthony Weber —  February 5, 2012 — Leave a comment

From a longer post on the connection between God and beauty:

“In the presence of sometimes staggering pain and ugliness, one must either explain it or explain it away. Worldviews have dismissed it as illusory (some Eastern religions), refused to even define it (Atheism), or sought to understand the reason and the solution (Christianity).  The presence of grandeur and goodness provides no less of a challenge. One must either explain things like beauty, awe and wonder… A good worldview needs to explain the world, not explain the world away.”

Continue Reading…

  • Intelligent Design (“I.D.”)
  • Creationism
  • Darwinism
  • Neo-Darwinism
  • Theistic Evolution

 

Ever get confused by the blizzard of terms? Which ones are reasonable, and which ones are ridiculous? Which ones fit within the Christian worldview?

Listen to Brian Auten’s interview with Casey Luskin of the Discovery Center to get a primer on this important topic of origins.