Westerners, particularly Protestant Westerners, instinctively translate that into a statement about authority. If God is dead, there are no rules, no laws, to keep us in check. But Protestants, especially, should see the folly of that conclusion. Law never kept anyone in check anyway – Paul taught us that.
Dostoevsky was more likely talking about desire. If God is dead, there is no final object of desire, no final and full satisfaction, no magnet of infinite good toward which we are drawn. If God is dead, desire has no direction or order, but goes every which way. If God is dead, everything can seem desirable, and so can nothing.”
– Peter J. Leithart, in Touchstone